However, you must know that raising such dogs require patience. This breed has numerous special needs that you should take note of. If you are serious regarding adopting one into your family, here are crucial information that you should know about.

Breed Characteristics

Large-sized and strong-built, these dogs have a water-repellent coat that may appear either as wavy or straight. These dogs may have its pedigree origins traced back across a wide area because of its historical popularity. This led to three regional variations namely the British, American, and Canadian type.

These types differ in coat and dimensions. Nevertheless, you should take note that coat colour may vary regardless of type variation. Fur colour such as blond, gold, and yellow are common.

British type
Common through the continents of Europe and Australia, these dogs have a broader skull and muscular forequarters compared to other types. Generally, its coat is lighter than the American variety. Males of this kind stand between 56 to 61 centimetres at the shoulders. Females, on the other hand, are much smaller by 5 centimetres.

American type
Slimmer and less muscular than the other varieties, the American types are around 58 to 61 centimetres or 55 to 57 centimetres in height at the shoulders. Furthermore, their coats are much darker and shades such as gold with moderate feathering are common. Their gait are usually well-coordinated, smooth, and powerful.

Canadian type
Although this type is as tall as its American counterpart, the Canadian variation has a darker and thinner coat.


Facts and Highlights

When caring and raising a Golden Retriever, you have to know what its special needs are. These following facts and highlights will give you an idea of what you must do.

  • Since these dogs shed profusely, daily brushing will definitely prevent it from getting all over your house particularly on clothing. Take note that this seasonal shedding happens during spring and fall.
  • Remember that these canines are house dogs. They should never be left alone for long hours in the backyard to fend for themselves. It is required that they stay indoors with their ‘pack’.
  • Since this breed is energetic and active, you must take at least 40 to 60 minutes of your time for its exercise. These dogs usually thrive on agility classes, obedience training, and mental exercise.
  • Do not leave Golden Retrievers around small children. Even if they are gentle and trustworthy around kids, these dogs may become boisterous whenever annoyed.
  • Since Goldens love to eat a lot, they can usually become overweight when fed excessively. Therefore, it is better to limit treats to know how much kibble your dog gets daily. On the other hand, it is much better for your dog to have a meal schedule just to keep an eye on its weight.
  • Never buy Golden Retriever puppy from irresponsible breeders, pet stores, and puppy mills. Because of its popularity nowadays, this breed has become a victim of people who only care for money. Hence, you have to look of a reputable breeder who can assure you of a pup that is free from any genetic disease.

History of the Breed

Although legends say that this variety originated from Russian sheepdogs, this breed was first developed in Scotland around the mid-1800s. Descended from the now-extinct Tweed Water Spaniel Red Setter, as well as Wavy and Flat-coated Retrievers, the breed was perfected by Sir Dudley Majoribanks, also known as Lord Tweedmouth.



The males of this breed are generally 58 to 60 centimetres in average height at the shoulders. The females, on the one hand, are 54 to 57 centimetres tall. They usually grow in full-height at age 1 and mature in weight by age two.



One common characteristic of this dog breed is its sweet and tranquil demeanour. Bred to work with people, this dog is loyal and willing to obey commands. These traits usually have a good disposition especially when well-trained and raised.

Nevertheless, just like any dog you might know, Golden Retrievers require early socialisation. They have to be exposed to various stimuli such as sights, sounds, experiences, and people. Through this, you will be able to raise a well-rounded canine.



Although, considered a healthy breed. Goldens have the same health problems across three types. Therefore, it is crucial that you take note of common diseases that this breed are prone with.

Below are listed some of the serious maladies afflicting this breed.

  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Elbow Dysplasia
  • Cataracts
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)
  • Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis
  • Osteochondrosis Dissecans (OCD)
  • Allergies
  • Von Willebrand's Disease
  • Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus
  • Epilepsy
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hemangiosarcoma
  • Osteosarcoma

The normal Golden Retriever lifespan is about 10 to 12 years. Yet, this can be cut short because of any of these illnesses. And so, these are all worth noting so that when you have the slightest inkling that your dog has any of these. You can immediately seek professional help.



Golden Retrievers are initially bred for hunting. As gundogs, they love the outdoors and would be hard to keep up usually. Whenever you are jogging or hiking, these dogs will typically join in without hesitation. Usually, at the end of the day, these overly energetic dogs get wet and dirty from all the playing. And with it comes the stench commonly known as the wet dog smell.

A sign that bacteria is flourishing. You have to make sure that your pup is protected from all types of infection and, therefore, must be dry at all times. Which is why you must have your lovely canine wear a special gear made just for him. The Siccaro WetDog Spirit is an outdoor dog coat specially designed to keep happy puppies from getting all wet all day. With its advanced fabric technology, this ensures that your dog is dry within a matter of minutes. And you know that a dry dog is a good smelling dog.

white dog

Feeding Requirements

It is worth noting that the required daily consumption of your dog should be based on its size, built, age, activity level, and metabolism. For starters, you can divide two meals of around 2 to 3 cups of high-grade dry food every day. This must contain all nutrients required on a canine’s daily diet, which includes proteins and fat.

When raising a puppy, make sure that it is fed with a low-calorie meal. Since they grow rapidly during their 4th and 7th month, this diet arrangement will prevent them from becoming prone to bone disorders.

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